by Ute Seebauer, DSHom Med
common names “Black Henbane” or “Bilsenkraut”, belongs to the natural order
of Solonaceae (nightshades). For the preparation of the homeopathic remedy,
the tincture of the fresh plant is used.
Henbane is a native of Europe and Asia but also found in the north-eastern
section of the United States. It has been cultivated as an ornamental and
occasionally as a medical plant. Black Henbane is a common weed of wet
grounds, fencerows, roadsides, and waste areas.
itself is an erect, annual or biennial herb with coarse, hairy stems and
leaves clasping, sinuate-toothed, and angled. The dirty yellowish flowers
develop, in one-sided, sessile spikes in the axils of the 5-parted, greenish
yellow or yellowish leaves with purple veins. The fruits are two celled
capsules. The smell of this plant is very heavy, ill, soporiferous, somewhat
offensive and narcotic.
contains hyoscyamine and other alkaloids, which have caused occasional
livestock poisoning. Henbane alkaloids have been used in the past, and are
currently used, as medicines at controlled dosages. It is considered a
poisonous plant to humans (Whitson, 1996).
All parts of the plant
are highly toxic and may be fatal if ingested, the leaves being the most
poisonous part of the plant - so much that the mere smell of the fresh
leaves has been found to cause giddiness and stupor in some people. The
action of Hyoscyamus is that of its alkaloid, hyoscyamine, which acts like
atropine (e.g. Belladonna) but is less irritant and more calmative and
hypnotic. The results of Hyoscyamus poisoning include dry mouth, dilation of
the pupils, restlessness, then hallucinations and delirium leading to coma
and ultimately death.
A case of poisoning by
Hyoscyamus seeds was reported in 1892: Symptoms developed after 10 minutes
including dizziness, paralysis, blurred vision, fainting and coldness.
Furthermore difficulties to articulate, dilated pupils, parched tongue,
rapid pulse and sensation of lightness and delirium.
The extract in the form
of a suppository is frequently employed to relieve the pain of hemorrhoids,
and a poultice made from the leaves may be employed to allay the pain of
cancerous and other ulcers.
The name Hyoscyamus,
also called ‘Hog-bean” finds its origin in the Greek words “hys, hyos” = pig
and “kyamos” = bean. And indeed, the bean is toxic for both, man and pigs.
But maybe, this name was given, because delusions and hallucinations occur
after the ingestion of the beans, and one behaves “like a pig”?
The Greek mythology
tells us this story: When Odysseus and his friends met Circe, the great
sorceress, she welcomed them with a delicious meal in which she had mixed
the extract of a plant, so all men were changed into pigs. It’s assumed,
that Circe used Hyoscyamus and the men had behaved like ‘pigs’. This would
correspond with the remedy picture and the delirium of Hyoscyamus.
Eventually Odysseus came to Circe,
this time protected by
the herb “Moly”, given to him by Hermes. He now could enjoy any meals,
without being poisoned. After a long time of intimate friendship, Circe
granted Odysseus wish and changed his friends back from pigs into heroes.
In medieval medicine,
the root boiled with vinegar, and the same held hot in the mouth, was
used to relieve toothache. The seeds were heated over coal or charcoal
until they produced fumes, which were then inhaled as a painkiller or other
treatment for toothache. Whether this merely stupefied the patient so that
he was unaware of the pain or whether it temporarily eased the pain while
leaving him fully conscious is unclear. The ancient Egyptians are also known
to have smoked henbane for their dental problems, though the native Egyptian
henbane, Hyoscyamus muticus, contains higher concentrations of
alkaloids and therefore produces even more powerful effects than our more
familiar European variety.
In history, Hyoscyamus
was used to steal chickens: the smoke of burned Hyoscyamus made the chickens
fall of their rods, which brings us back to the very name of this plant –
Henbane. Hieronymus Bock also said it was a great help in fishing: as soon
the fish had eaten of the seeds, they would come to the surface, jump out
off the water and behave like mad, later swim belly up.
In all cultures at any
times, Hyoscyamus was used to provoke the state of delirium or coma,
hallucinations and illusions especially by magicians, adapts and shamans, to
help with transcendental journeys, rituals and ceremonies of necromancy and
the summoning of spirits and astral entities. In the old romaine bathhouses,
Hyoscyamus smoke was used to increase the erotic atmosphere.
characteristics of an individual in need of Hyoscyamus are involuntary
jerking and twitching, convulsions and spasmodic cramps with gradually
increasing weakness that ends in coma.
The mental state will
be found somewhere between excitability or foolish, silly behavior and total
stupor: The excitability builds up to shrieking, raving, scolding in
delirium until the patient falls into stupor. Different states may
alternate, depending on the grade of insanity that took hold of the patient.
He may talk to invisible persons, have illusions, hallucinations or
delusions or may be delirious which will naturally alter his acting.
(starring in the air, picking on bedclothes, fingers, air, whatever he can
pick on, or raving).
So there are two great
signs that point to Hyoscyamus: Convulsions, twitching and jerking from the
eyes to the toes and insanity from childish behavior over raving to
delirium. Both, physical and mental symptoms will build up to a maximum, to
then slowly but surely give way to great prostration that then ends in coma.
Interestingly, there is
great suspiciousness and fear of poisoning – just like the plant is so
highly toxic, the patient that needs it is afraid of poisoning so bad, he
might refuse even the medicine given by the doctor.
As the use in the
antique bathhouses suggests, a Hyoscyamus individual can be very lascivious.
There is nymphomania, lascivious mania and the great drive to uncover
Hering describes the
Hyoscyamus Patient with having light colored hair, mostly hysteric women,
young girls, old men and drunkards, Allen as hysteric, irritable persons of
Hyoscyamus might have a
pale or bluish face, the teeth covered with sordes, mouth and tongue dry,
the latter red or brown, cracked, hard and trembling so that talking is
causes for Hyoscyamus-states are
grief, being scorned, disappointment
- Bad news,
Disappointed love and jealously
anxiety, emotional excitement
possible causes suggest that the Hyoscyamus patient unexpectedly experienced
an event, when he felt safe and secure. He was disappointed by something he
deeply trusted in.
insanity of Hyoscyamus has its origin in the feeling of suddenly being let
down, by the one person, the patient is entirely dependent on or in a
situation he thought himself safe. This leads to several mental symptoms
that compose the central themes. The patient develops Jealousy, fear and
Anxiety, attempts to be attractive or at least draw the attention toward
him, he becomes sexual active, both mental and physical, which may even go
as far as ending in erotic psychosis and he becomes quite aggressive and
feels left alone, let down and now is afraid in having to master the world
with all its problems, dangers and difficulties himself.
“Mind - Fear” (2)
especially of being alone:
”Fear - alone, of being” (3),
which is so strong, that the patient falls into a state of stupid insanity.
“Mind – stupefaction” (3), “Mind – Delirium” (3).
desperately tries to draw attention to him and any way that accomplishes
that, is just right for him.
“Mind – busy” (2)
- Loquacity” (3)
Out of his
fear of being alone, he naturally becomes jealous. Too strong is the fear to
loose his friend or partner and no matter how unlikely it is, that there is
a reason for him, to be jealous, he cannot help it.
“Mind – Jealousy” (4)
obsession is a great theme in Hyoscyamus and the erotic mania increases with
the increase of the insanity.
“Mind – delirium, erotic” (2)
disappointment he experienced, a strong degree of suspicion develops. He was
once let down, something unexpected happened and now he is not able to trust
in anything or anybody anymore
“Mind – Suspicious” (2)
become quite violent, if somebody he strongly distrusts, comes to close to
“Mind – violent” (3)
out of the feeling he cannot trust anybody and the strong urge of not being
alone by himself – of having somebody he can trust in and rely on;
Hyoscyamus often becomes a strong religious attitude.
“Mind – Religious affections – too occupied with religion” (3).
mentioned before, the Hyoscyamus patient undergoes a process of
transformation of the mind. Where he first started out with hyperactivity of
the mind, with a rising level of
becomes delirious, later prostrated and comatose.
“Mind – Delirium” (3), “Mind – Prostration” (3), “Mind – Unconsciousness”
fear, quite common is the fear of running water. Hydrophobia got its name
from the fear of water which is a striking feature of this disease and
hydrophobia resembles Hyoscyamus in many aspects.
Hyperactivity / Loquacity
has marked Loquacity. The patient acts and speaks quickly and frequently
changes topics, which is due to the rush of thoughts he experiences.
Thoughts – rapid, quick (2)
Speech – hasty (3)
Speech – wandering (3)
increasing Insanity however, the confusion “Mind – Confusion” (2)
gets so great and the rush of thoughts becomes so quick, that conversation
becomes impossible, the patient, now in delirium, starts talking incoherent
and makes no sense anymore. The loquacity takes on delirious forms,
Speech – incoherent (3)
Speech – prattling (3)
Speech – nonsensical (3)
Delirium – loquacious (3)
finally Stupefaction sets in. he patient is in his own delirious world and
if he can get aroused from this state of mind at all, he will most likely
slip back very quick.
Stupefaction as if intoxicated) (3)
Answering – aversion to answer (3)
Answering –stupor returns quickly after answering (3)
earlier stage of disease, the Hyoscyamus patient is quite active, cheerful,
Activity, desires (2)
Cheerful - dancing • laughing, singing; with (2)
Concentration – active (1)
partly due to the before mentioned desire for attention and also due to the
internal mental and emotional excited, confused state, almost as if
intoxicated. While the level of insanity increases more and more, the active
mind becomes confused, his activities turn into strange actions and
concentration becomes difficult:
Concentration – difficult (2)
Antics, playing (3)
foolish behaviour (3)
Delirium – business, talks of (3)
Delirium – restless
Gestured, makes (3)
Delirium – embraces the stove and wishes to climb upon it as on a tree (1)
when his mind is exhausted from the delirium, the patient slows down, falls
into a state of stupor from which he at first might frequently return but
sooner or later he remains in stupor or even become unconsciousness:
corner; brooding or moping in a (1)
jealousy of Hyoscyamus is a combination of attachment or desire and fear of
loss. It can get so strong, that it totally dominates the life of the
patient. It often is accompanied by rage. At times, it seems that the
patient is entirely sane, but as soon he feels jealous, he turns into a
“biting, kicking, screaming maniac” (Philip M. Bailey) and his jealousy is
not confined to a sexual partner but might be directed to anyone or anything
that gets more attention than him.
Mind – Rage
Jealousy – rage with (3)
Jealousy – children • when the newborn gets all the attention )2)
Hyoscyamus patient is sexually obsessed. Many of his actions and thoughts
revolve around sex. He talks and thinks a great deal about sex, he is easily
stimulated; he might masturbate very frequently or might complain about the
lack of sex in his life. Interestingly, if he feels sexual dissatisfied in a
partnership, he will most likely not search satisfaction outside his
partnership, because he considers this as sinful, but if he suffers
frustration a pressure builds up in him he just can’t resist to compensate
for. Here again, the sexual obsession grows in proportion with the level of
lascivious, lustful (3)
that Hyoscyamus behaves insane erotic of course is his fear of losing his
partner. For fear she will leave him in favour of somebody else, the
Hyoscyamus man might excessively trying to court his wife, trying to appear
more attractive – and he will do so, in exposing his naked body, especially
his sexual parts, showing her, or even everybody, how “well equipped” he is.
Thinking this might arouse her sexually as much as it stimulates him.
Naked, wants to be (4)
Shameless – exposing the person (3)
and according to the Synthesis Repertory only in Hyoscyamus occurring are:
Mind – Naked
– drunkenness, during (1)
Mind – Naked
– exhibitionism (3)
Mind – Naked
– hyperaesthesia of skin, in (2)
reason is for this erotic mania is that Hyoscyamus might feel not sexually
attractive at all and tries to compensate for that by exposing his genitals,
by publicly talking about sex, telling sexual jokes. He does not realize,
how silly or obscene others think of his behaviour, he believes and hopes
this will give him the attention of others.
Hyoscyamus might very well be aware that some of his sexual fantasies are
beyond ‘the rules’ which makes him feel oppressed so he needs this valve of
public physical or verbal exposure, to get rid of the inner sexual pressure.
Delirium, erotic (2)
Lewdness – talk lewd (2)
for exposure is not confined to the sexual plane though. For the patient it
is a lustful moment, when he exposes just anything of himself and Hyoscyamus
is one of the few remedies that is inclined to reveal secrets, especially of
revealing secrets (1)
worst stage of delirium, Hyoscyamus is still sexual obsessed. Even when the
degree of prostration already is strongly marked and conversation seems to
be impossible the obsession gets quite visible in one peculiar symptom:
Speech – prattling - lies naked in bed and prattles (3)
reason, the Hyoscyamus patient desires to be naked should be mentioned here,
though it does not have anything with erotic: He desires to be naked due to
hyperesthesia of the cutanous nerves.
feels betrayed by people, let down and left alone. And even though he
desires company “Mind
– Company, desires” (3),
he is very suspicious. It is the “once bitten, twice shy” motive, that’s
behind this distrust, whether Hyoscyamus has a real
feel disappointed or betrayed or whether this is just a delusion that –
again – grows in proportion with the level of insanity. In early stages, the
patient might be just overly distrustful or suspicious:
Company, aversion to” (2)
will develop a real fear of people, accuse others of trying to kill him and
refuse any medication given to him by the doctor or his relatives.
Mind – Fear
– people of (3)
Delusions – abused being (1)
Delusions – poisoned • he is about to be / has been (2)
Delusions – injury • being injured; his surroundings, by his (3)
Mind – Fear
– betrayed, of being (1)
suspicious paranoia will take on forms in the end, where nobody can get
close or even touch the patient who will then rage and get furious out of
plain fear to die.
Delirium – maniacal (3)
Delirium – raging (=raving) (3)
–Delirium – bed • escapes, jumps up suddenly from bed (2)
Hyoscyamus can become quite violent, due to his great fears. As long the
disease is not progressed too far though, he might express his aggression
only verbally, by using a vulgar vocabulary.
Morose (= gloomy, fretful, ill humour, sullen)
he gets to the to the state of delirium and insanity, the more will he
become physical violent though. This is because delusions take hold of him,
and he is under the expression, everybody around him has only one thing in
mind: to hurt him. He has to try to keep things under control, make people
act after his wishes, before things turn around and he finds himself back in
the role of the victim.
Abusive – Children • parents; children insulting (1)
paranoia is growing and with it the fear of being in danger. He now fears
others and desires solitude. When approached or even worse, tried to
persuaded to do certain things as going back to bed, he strikes and kicks to
protect his own life. The offensive aggression from the earlier stage of his
disease turns into a defensive aggression now.
Mind – Rage,
Mind – Rage
– kill people; tries to (3)
Mind – Kill
– desire to (4)
has a strongly religious attitude. Probably because religion and god are the
only things in the life of the patient, that seem to be trustworthy. He is
suspicious of his
relatives, any authority, his doctor and everybody else around him that he
channels his trust, believe and hope into religion.
religious affections – too occupied with religion (3)
religious affections – too occupied with religion – talking on religious
steadily looses his sanity, the religion beliefs become “a vehicle for the
delusions and even hallucinations” (P. Bailey). They feel that their sexual
impulses when talking to other people are unclean and occasionally they even
have erotic fantasies about God, Jesus or other religious figures, which
leads to a feeling of shame and fear of damnation.
Delusions – devil • after her, is (2)
Delusions – devil • possessed of a devil, he is (2)
Delusions – devil • he is a (2)
Delusions – religious (2)
Insanity, religious (2)
Hyoscyamus-delirium is displayed in every one of the mental symptoms
mentioned above. The progress of disease always follows one certain pattern:
First there is the stage of hyperactivity of senses, action and emotions. An
overall excitement. He behaves flamboyant, because his perception of the
outside world starts to become distorted. Suspicion develops, aggression
Foolish behaviour (3)
Laughing – silly (3)
Speech – hasty (3)
second phase, the patient reaches the peak of power, aggression and
activity. His senses, emotions and intellect become irrational. He might
very well be aware his paranoia and develops anxiety, becomes afraid that he
will go insane. This fear gives him the strength to rear up and try to
defend himself against all his illusionary enemies.
stage his actions become foolish, laughable and solemn mingled with raving
and possibly an improper dress. “He
roves about senseless, naked, wrapped in fur during the heat of summer.”
a priest's gown over his shirt and in fur stockings he wishes to go to
church, in order to preach and says mass, and furiously attacks those who
endeavour to prevent him.”
Attack others, desire to (3)
Mind – Bed –
get out of bed; wants to (3)
Delirium – naked in delirium, wants to be (3)
Delirium – violent (3)
Delusions (=imaginations) (3)
–Barking, growling like a dog (2)
Delirium – wraps up in fur during summer (1)
One of the
peculiar Symptoms of Hyoscyamus is the delusion of seeing peacocks. The
peacock, one of the most colourful and attractive birds is a perfectly
symbol for the desire of Hyoscyamus for erotic and sexual exposure.
Delusions – peacocks, chasing (1)
Delusions – peacocks, frightening away (1)
peculiarity in Hyoscyamus is the delusion of hens bound with chains.
Delusions – hens, bound with chains (2)
be remembered on the use of Hyoscyamus to catch chicken, but this delusion
more likely is to understand as a sexual symbol again. Unlike the peacock
that stands for courtship, attraction and erotic, I interpret the hens as a
symbol for a less attractive but willingly sexual object (many chicken
‘share’ one rooster) that unfortunately is bound – it’s not in reach of the
patient. The desire for erotic obviously is there, displayed in the
attractive peacock or the easy-to-get hens, but because of the patient feels
that is extreme desire is wrong, even sinful, so he is chasing the peacocks
away, respectively sees, what he cannot and should not have: bound hens.
Then at the
last stage, the physical strength diminishes, the patient slips into a state
of delirious insanity. The symptoms of the Hyoscyamus delirium are numerous:
The patient might be anxious, comical, almost hysterical, wild, violent,
murmuring or raging. He ist caught in his own world of illusions, delusions
and hallucinations and the contact to and sense for reality is almost gone,
until he finally looses conscious completely. Typical for Hyoscyamus in this
stage is to lie in bed, often naked, picking on something, muttering or
counting imaginary things.
Delirium – picking at nose or lips, with (3)
Delirium – muttering (3)
Counting, continually (2)
Delirium – delusions, with
can be said that while the physical activity builds up to a peak to then
diminish to an opposite state of complete inactivity, the insanity develops
linear, getting worse until the stage of total loss of conscious.
is, that the patient’s fear of going insane decreases with the increase of
Mind – Fear
Symptoms of Hyoscyamus are
down & rest
mental affections; jealousy unhappy love
Menstruation (approaching, commencing, during)
Positions & Touch
ulcers, large pustules around ulcers of the skin and the sensitive
epigastrium are < by touch. Sensitive areas and inflamed parts may
certainly be expected. This feature also is conform to the mental state of
the Hyoscyamus patient, who starts raging
when touched by somebody. It’s like putting a finger on his wounds: He is
suspicious and fears to be harmed, therefore doesn’t want to be touched.
resting generally have an aggravating effect. Especially gets the
characteristic hacking or spasmodic cough < lying down < at rest
and also < during sleep. Rest also aggravates the drawing in the
thighs and the tearing in soles of feet. This may be one of the reasons, the
Hyoscyamus patient does not want to remain in bed.
motion and movement aggravate vertigo, headaches, pain beneath the
umbilicus, pain in the small of the back, drawing in legs; pain in tarsal
joints and calves and the drawing on margins of fingers. The modalities <
walking, < motion and < movement are in contrast to the
aggravation by rest and sleep.
there is relief for the Hyoscyamus patient, when he is sitting up or bending
the head forward (stooping). The tickling sensation in the throat causing an
incessant cough is > when sitting up. Meningitis and the shaking of
the head are > stooping, so is the nausea. As exceptions however,
pains in the abdominal muscles are < sitting, the waving in the
brain, heaviness in forehead, throbbing, etc. in the frontal eminence
however are < stooping, the latter ones due to congestion to the
head, which while stooping naturally increases.
(movement / motion) of inner throat and respiratory organs brings on several
aggravations: The cough is < talking, oppression of chest with
internal stinging is < during inspiration and the yawning gets <
on reading aloud.
Temperatures & Weather conditions
has a general aggravation from cold and amelioration from warmth. All
head-symptoms are < cold, <becoming cold and < in cold air,
so are toothache, tearing in gums and the cough.
addition, open air aggravates the confusion of the head, lachrymation and
stiffness of joint. ( < open air ). An exception here is the
chilliness in the back, which is < in house.
heat is general relieving. So are the ulcers and pustules > when getting
warm, the tickling cough > in warm air and head-symptoms >
from heat and > in room.
Symptoms localized in or on the head are < morning: Confusion and
congestion of the head, headaches and even toothache, mucus on teeth,
offensive breath, dryness of and bitterness in the mouth. In addition there
can occur colic or pain in the abdomen < on rising.
pain in the ankles and the fever increase during the daytime i.e.<
As soon the
day goes and the dark time of the day begins, the sufferings of the
Hyoscyamus patient become worse. Again the congestion of blood to the head
and the cadaverous smell worsen, inflamed ulcers and the large pustules
surrounding them, purple discoloration of the face, nausea,
the epigastric region, colic in the upper abdomen, pain in tibia, chill,
heat over body are all < evening.
evening passes hiccough, cough, diarrhoea, coldness and fever become <
night and especially < after
physical symptoms get worse during the second half of the day, the head and
mouth symptoms are < in the morning and cough, fever and diarrhoea < at
worsen a lot of complains in the Hyoscyamus patient. There are the feeling
of being intoxicated, anxiety, headache, the head shakes, pressure upon
sternum, cough, hiccough and weariness in the legs, all < after eating.
however only aggravates the cough and the pressure in the stomach. (<drinking).
seems to have a dual effect on the Hyoscyamus patient: It aggravates nausea
and vomiting, relieves but the head symptoms. (< & > coffee)
Hyoscyamus is constantly afraid of being poisoned, it has a voracious
appetite and unquenchable thirst, but no particular food aversions or
desires. Frequently, Hyoscyamus dreads any drinks – probably because of his
fear of poisoning and because of the fact, that the classical poison murder
is usually performed with drinks. Sometimes, Hyoscyamus has an aversion for
Furthermore, there is a quite a number of emotions that can bring on or
aggravate a Hyoscyamus condition:
abuse, anger, bad news, disappointment, grief, business failure, short: any
emotional excitement especially when of negative character and on the top of
the list jealousy and unhappy love.
mentioned above, the most Hyoscyamus cases are brought on by emotional
other causes for Hyoscyamus states are usually
milk or lochia
acts to a great extent on the Central Nervous System which becomes
obvious on consideration of all these convulsions, the delirium, the
somnolency, epilepsy and the unconsciousness.
obvious is its effects on the mind. (mania, excitement, sexual
Hyoscyamus acts well on the muscles and joints of the body
(twitching, jerking, convulsions, stiffness of the neck, paralysis, spasms
on swallowing, multiple sclerosis, chorea and rheumatism).
is useful for all sorts of respiratory troubles like cough, whooping
cough, dyspnoea, bronchitis, pneumonia etc.
It also is
valuable in typhoid fevers, urine retention, incontinence or
paralysis of the bladder and toxic gastritis.
tongue in Hyoscyamus looks cracked, hard, parched, like burnt leather, red
or brown - sometimes white or clean. It doesn’t obey its owners will and can
only protruded or drawn in with difficulties and trembles with every
can be encrusted with brown mucus.
disease in Chronic Remedies
disease, Hyoscyamus can be of great value in
emergencies Hyoscyamus most often used for
Functions and Discharges
in Hyoscyamus often is accompanied or preceded by hysterical symptoms like
labour like pain and cramps not only of the uterus but of toes, fingers or
any other muscle of the body, twitchings, fits of laughter (any of the
typical mental symptoms of Hyoscyamus), cough, constipation, diarrhoea,
profuse sweat etc.
menstruation might be suppressed or irregular and the flow typically is
profuse, bright red and heavier with “every jerk of the body” (Hering).
Metrorrhagia, if it occurs, is of pale blood and usually accompanied by the
symptoms during pregnancy, childbed and lochia are of the same hysterical
character as the ones during menses:
especially during confinement
– especially limbs and face
confinement: Urine retention or painless watery diarrhoea
of milk or lochia
spasms, shrieks and anguish
fever or spasms
in Hyoscyamus is very bloated, so distended, that it look like a drum (tympanitic)
and naturally is very sensitive to touch, especially the pit of the stomach.
There are also colicky pains.
nausea, aggravated by pressure on epigastrium or eating, that leads to a
great deal of vomiting and retching with violent pains of cutting or
burning character, especially at the pit of the stomach, which make the
patient cry out. The vomiting might be accompanied by convulsions or choking
– again the symptoms hysterical character becomes obvious.
vomits food, mucus and deep red blood and suffers from bitter, empty or
incomplete eructations and frequent hiccough, though his appetite is usually
(skin, bowels, urinary tract)
the Hyoscyamus patient is “dry” everywhere on the external and internal
mucus membranes. This is due to the spasms that cause the bodily functions
more or less being arrested, so that there are not very many excretions,
because these just can’t get out.
there are oppositional states in Hyoscyamus, - one, where the body goes into
spasms and convulsions, the other one, where there is relaxation - the
following states of dryness due to constriction and their opposite
excretive, relaxed states occur:
but there can be nosebleed
lips, tongue, hard palate dry, like glazed
encrusted with brown mucus
Foam at the
bloody or of salty taste
and air passages
burning, inflamed throat, fauces
Constriction of larynx and pharynx
in air passages
Expectoration of saltish mucus, bright red blood mixed with coagula or blood
burning in stomach (T. Kent)
white mucus or deep red blood
empty or incomplete eructations
watery and inodorous urine
urination especially at night
of rectum or sphincter ani
Constipation, hard stools
Involuntary, unconscious stools, especially while urinating
desire for stool
mucous, nearly odourless, yellow stools
Haemorrhoids that bleed profusely
knotty (miliary) eruptions
spots or abscesses (neck)
and gangrenous spots and vesicles (lower limbs)
vesicles, large pustules (lower limbs)
perspiration, except during sleep (Hahnemann)
perspiration, especially during sleep
moisture, especially hands (palms)
It can be
concluded that the excretions largely depend on which state the patient is
in and that excretion almost exclusively occurs during the relaxed phase and
that there are quantities of mucus and blood excreted.
is either “wakeful, quiet, and usually pleasing delirium, with illusions of
the sight” (T. Allen), or he is so excessive somnolent, that he cannot keep
his eyes open and when aroused, “lapses again into a dreamy sleep, broken by
occasional mutterings and slight jerking of the limbs” (T. Allen)
remedy as a duality of opposite symptoms or a primary and a secondary
reaction, in Hyoscyamus we have the opposites of sleepiness and
sleeplessness, the sleeplessness being the more marked characteristic.
mental activity that keeps the patient awake all night; his brain is full of
ideas, figures and bewildering images and maybe shortly before daybreak he
can manage to sleep a little.
other hand we find the picture of very deep slumber, attended maybe by
picking on bedclothes, muttering or convulsions. The somnolency is so great,
that Hyoscyamus can be aroused only with difficulties and if, then the
patient dozes off with a half-finished sentence on his lips. He cannot keep
his eyelids open and falls asleep with even ever so interesting literature.
No wonder, the patient often is inclined to frequent yawning.
As deep and
continued the sleep is – it can even last for 2 or 3 days, we still see the
excitability of the patient. Sleep and dreams are of “wild” character and
there are quite a few interesting sleep-symptoms, one should remember, that
are the causes for the sleep being very unrefreshing:
from sleep in affright
calling sobbing or crying during sleep
teeth in sleep
of Hyoscyamus usually are heavy, anxious, frightful. The patient may e.g.
“dream and talk of war in his sleep” (T. Allen). Sometimes the patient has
lascivious dreams though.
Hyoscyamus, the complaints are mainly of convulsive and spastic character.
The convulsions affect the whole body and can lead to unconsciousness.
tremor and choreic movements can be observed everywhere, as well as
contractions, quivering and jerking of muscles or muscles groups. The
patient is in a state of excitability and irritability.
to this delirious phase of Hyoscyamus, there is but another phase of the
disease that alternates the convulsions and excitability, and this is stupor
and great nervous prostration. The weakness increases gradually, which
causes the whole patient “slide down in bed” (T. Kent) or single parts, as
e.g. the jaw simply drop down. Unconsciousness, somnolence and prostration
occur during this passive delirium.
what part of the body is affected, the complaints in Hyoscyamus have either
of these characters. E.g. the patient might suffer profuse diarrhoea
(overactive) or constipation (extreme passivity). Or the mind might be
affected by either stupor or delirium.
the violence of the delirious phase of Hyoscyamus, the pain naturally is
violent itself. Tearing, jerking or pulsating, cramp like and colicky.
passive, weak phase, the patient suffers oppressive, constrictive pains as
well as stiffness,
numbness, tingling or buzzing and weakness.
also has a lot of heat and dryness in all affected parts.
is said to be suited especially to nervous, irritable, excitable, sanguine
people with light hair.
acts well in pregnant or hysterical women, young girls, old drunkards
(especially in cases of pneumonia) and old men
can sometimes be recognized by the staring look in the patient’s eyes or by
his continuous picking at things. Be that at bedclothes or imaginary things
that are tried to pick out of the air. The face might be bluish pale
difficult breathing with anxiety or oppression
startings alternating with tremblings and convulsions
convulsions of upper and lower extremities
alternating with heat
inflammation with unconsciousness
meningitis with convulsions or jerks of muscles
Hydrocephalus with stupor
to head with heat all over the body.
with wide open mouth in approaching cerebral paralysis
staring and distorted with spasmodic closure of lids, bluish face, clenching
of teeth, foaming at mouth and constriction of throat
with shooting pains from eyes into nose
beating pains in eyes, with lachrymation
toothache with sense of strangulation and difficulties in swallowing
of the throat with hiccough, nausea, stiff neck and inability to swallow
vomiting and retching, colic and crying out loud
vertigo, vomiting and stiff neck
Inflammation of intestinal organs with hiccough, spasms and rumbling
blood or bloody mucus with convulsions
complaints with hiccough
of stomach with difficult breathing
stool during urination
infantum with staring eyes, muttering delirium, teeth encrusted with brown,
dilated pupils and difficulty in swallowing liquids
Constipation with epilepsy
cramps with pulling in loins and small of back
related with menses accompanied by convulsions, muscle jerking and trembling
menses with heavy perspiration, nausea and headache
labour convulsions and spells of suffocating
of heart with great anxiety on moving, or apprehension of suffocation or
with purple face, shrieks, teeth grinding and urination
with burning redness of face or burning heat without external redness
red, cracked tongue
fever with marked mental symptoms
acute inflammation of brain
Characteristic, peculiar Symptoms
have hiccough while breastfed
from smell of flowers, gas, etc.
as if water was swashing in head
objects seem very large
of) One light seems smaller, than another of equal size.
delirium with black lips
is antidoted by vinegar, citric acid, Belladonna, China and Stramonium and
antidotes Ether, Bell., Stram., Mercurius.
well Bell., Nux Vomica, Opium and Rhus Toxicodendron and is followed well by
Bell., Pulsatilla, Stram., Veratum Album and Phosphorus.